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Topic 2: Helmets

Learning intention

Students will examine the materials and features of a safe bicycle helmet and communicate how this contributes to rider safety and comfort.

Students will be able to correctly fit a helmet.

Time: 60 minutes


Download Topic 2 PowerPoint | Student Learning Journals

15 -30 bicycle helmets (students own if possible)

Safe helmet factsheet | Parent letter

Additional teacher information

Correct helmet fit | Safe helmet | Choosing a Safe Helmet

Australian Curriculum links

Design and technology

Year 3/4 - ACTDEK013

Investigate the suitability of materials, systems, components, tools and equipment for a range of purposes

Year 5/6 - ACTDEK023

Investigate characteristics and properties of a range of materials, systems, components, tools and equipment and evaluate the impact of their use

Health & Physical Education

Year 3/4 - ACPPS036

Identify and practise strategies to promote health, safety and wellbeing

Year 5/6 - ACPPS054

Plan and practise strategies to promote health, safety and wellbeing

General capabilities

Critical and creative thinking

  • Lesson A Instruction guide: Safe helmets

    1. Group students into pairs with at least one bike helmet per pair. Ask the class “What is a bike helmet for?” If needed, clarify by asking “What is the purpose of wearing a helmet?”
    2. Students examine their helmet and then are asked to describe the parts. Encourage use of descriptive language even if they know the name of the part. Follow up with “Are they all the same? Which parts are common to all bike helmets?”
    3. Maintaining a focus on what is common across all bike helmets, ask students to explain the reason each part is included. Allow time for students to consider the question before sharing their thoughts.

    Focus on the observable characteristics that they can see or feel rather than the names of the materials. Encourage students to consider whether the materials are a good choice for the purpose of a helmet.

    1. Ask the class to imagine they are about to buy a new bike helmet. Ask
      • “What would you look for to tell that a helmet is safe?”
      • “What would tell you that a helmet is not safe?”  
      Record points for whole class view titled as ‘What to look for in a safe helmet’.
    2. Watch ‘What is a safe bike helmet?’ Ask “Are there any new things that we need to look for?” and record  them.
    3. Students then record this criteria in their learning journal (page 9), and use it to assess their own helmet. If an unsafe helmet is identified arrange to send home the parent letter and safe helmet factsheet.

    For more capable students consider having them create a design brief for helmets in the future. (DT Yr 7/8 - Independently develop criteria for success to evaluate design ideas, processes and solutions and their sustainability (ACTDEP038)).

    1. Summarise with a class discussion of what students found out from today’s lesson.


    Discuss the safe helmet factsheet and letter with parent/ caregiver


    Student learning journal – safe helmet check

  • Lesson B Instruction guide: Fitting a helmet correctly

    1. Call for a volunteer to demonstrate the correct fitting of a helmet whilst explaining the process. Then ask the class to comment keeping in mind the purpose of a helmet to protect their head. Guide the discussion to achieve consensus.
    2. Watch the 2-4-1 correct helmet fit video clip. As a class reflect on the key points and discuss whether the information confirmed their original ideas. Highlight new terminology for use in step 10 - 11.

    If students thought they needed to wear a hat on their helmet this is a good opportunity to discuss why not (difficult to fit correctly, can cause the helmet to slide on head).

    1. Refer to the student learning journal and the helmet fit (pg. 10 - 12). Students adjust the helmet to fit their own head correctly and their partner provides feedback. The student is then given the opportunity to adjust their helmet before their partner completes the peer assessment checklist. Students swap roles.

    If students have difficulty adjusting the straps encourage them to be persistent and help each other rather than expect you to do it for them.

    1. Individually, students reflect & record things they found easy or challenging about fitting a helmet correctly (pg. 12).
    2. Tell the class that throughout Way2Go Bike Ed they will be expected to be organised and fit their helmet correctly before they begin riding. Brainstorm how they can learn to do this themselves if they found today’s task difficult.

    E.g. Practise adjusting straps at home, ask a friend for help


    Student learning journal – correct helmet fit.

    Teacher observations